Information / Preparing for your Test

Before you start to drive, you must:

  • Hold a valid, provisional driving licence for Great Britain.
  • Make sure that any vehicle you drive is roadworthy and properly taxed and insured.
  • As a learner driver you must display ‘L’ plates in a conspicuous position on the front and rear of the vehicle you are driving.
  • You can take your theory test once your provisional licence becomes valid.
  • Normally, for car drivers, the earliest date your provisional licence can become valid is your 17th birthday. You can apply for the licence up to three months before your 17th birthday however, you will still have to wait until your birthday before you can take your theory test.
  • For more information about applying for a provisional licence, please click on the link below.
Applying for a provisional driving licence


The theory test is made up of two parts; the multiple choice part and the hazard perception part. The multiple choice part is delivered using a touch screen computer and mouse and the hazard perception part records your responses through the use of a computer mouse button.

You need to pass both parts to pass the theory test. If you pass one part and fail the other you will fail the whole test, and you will need to take both parts again.

Part one – Multiple Choice

  • Before the test starts you will be given instructions on how the test works.
  • You can also choose to go through a practice session of the multiple choice questions to get used to the layout of the test. At the end of the practice session the real test will begin.
  • A question and several answer options will appear onscreen and you have to select the correct answer to the question by touching the screen or using the mouse. Some questions may require more than one answer.
  • You will be asked 50 questions in 57 minutes. You can navigate between questions and ‘flag’ questions that you want to come back to later in the test.
  • The pass mark for the multiple choice part of the theory test is 43 out of 50.
  • After the multiple choice part you can choose to have a break of up to three minutes before the hazard perception part starts.

Part two – Hazard Perception

  • After the break you will then be shown a short tutorial video clip about how the hazard perception part works.
  • The hazard perception part is also delivered on a computer but you respond by clicking a button on the mouse. You will be presented with a series of 14 video clips which feature every day road scenes. In each clip there will be at least one developing hazard, but one of the clips will feature two developing hazards.
  • To achieve a high score you will need to respond to the developing hazard during the early part of its development. The maximum you can score on each hazard is five.
  • You will not be able to review your answers to the hazard perception test; as on the road, you will only have one chance to respond to the developing hazard.
  • The pass mark for the hazard perception part of the theory test is 44 out of 75.

For more information about applying for a Theory Test please click on the link below.

Links to useful resources for learner drivers

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